Smoking is Bad for your Muscles
Cigarette smoke directly damages muscles in the body
Not only is smoking bad for your lungs, but new research shows that components in cigarette smoke directly damage your muscles.
The research, published in The Journal of Physiology, indicates that smoking decreases the number of small blood vessels that bring oxygen and nutrients to muscles in the legs.
We know that smoking limits a person’s ability to exercise because it makes their muscles weaker. It was widely believed this muscle weakness is because the lungs become inflamed and eventually destroyed by habitual smoking, therefore limiting activity and exercise.
However, the findings of this study suggest that cigarette smoke directly damages muscles by reducing the number of blood vessels in
The research conducted by the University of California, San Diego in conjunction with Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro and Kochi
The study did not identify which of the approximately 4,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke are responsible for this muscle damage. Identification of the responsible chemicals is a key avenue of further research, along with understanding the process by which they reduce the number of blood vessels.
Ellen Breen, the lead investigator commented on the study:
‘It is vitally important that we show people that the use of tobacco cigarettes has harmful consequences throughout the body, including large muscle groups needed for daily living, and develop strategies to stop the damage triggered by the detrimental components of cigarette smoke.’
Cigarette smoke directly impairs skeletal muscle function through capillary regression and altered myofiber calcium kinetics in C57BL/6J mice https://physoc.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1113/JP275888
The Journal of Physiology publishes advances in physiology which increase our understanding of how our bodies function in health and disease. http://jp.physoc.org
The Physiological Society brings together over 3,500 scientists from over 60 countries. The Society promotes physiology with the public and parliament alike. It supports physiologists by
organisingworld-class conferences and offering grants for research and also publishes the latest developments in the field in its three leading scientific journals, The Journal of Physiology, Experimental Physiology andPhysiological Reports. www.physoc.org
The figure below indicates cigarette smoke components whether delivered by inhalation or more directly into the circulation negatively impact the fatigue resistance of skeletal muscle. Credit: