Joint Disorders & Natural Remedies
Joint disorders are generally divided into 2 categories:
I. Degenerative arthropathies belong to chronic diseases. This category includes Osteoarthritis and Spondyloarthritis.
II. Inflammatory arthropathies belong to the category of potentially dangerous health conditions. This category includes Rheumatoid arthritis.
Degenerative and Inflamatory Joint Disorders
Articulation is the point on the body where two or more bones are attached to facilitate movement, providing stability to the musculoskeletal system.
The hinge structure consists of articular cartilage, synovial fluid, and synovial pouch (ligaments, tendons, collagen fibers).
Every day the joints take a significant part of the total body weight. This makes them particularly prone to their gradual alteration and injuries!
Within the joints, the cartilage areas support the proximal bones by providing protection, absorbing the vibrations and vibrations we experience when we move and blocking the grinding between the bones.
In cases of cartilage damage or lack of synovial fluid, the bones are rubbed together in such a way that it causes inflammation, swelling, pain, loss of mobility, and sometimes changes in the shape of the joint. The terms degenerative joint disease, degenerative arthropathy and osteoarthritis are often used interchangeably.
The main cause of degenerative joint disease is age and general wear due to the natural aging process of the body. However, there are some factors that can encourage, even aggravate, arthrosis.
• Frequent lifting of heavy objects
• Genetic predisposition
• gender and age
• Injuries that cause malformations
• The repeated bad posture of the body
Degenerative joint disease is usually not diagnosed until the painful symptoms cause the patient the need for further medical examination. But this situation has begun its development many years ago.
Its basic function is the distribution of loads and the reduction of pressures in the subchondral bone. During loading, it deforms, and after lifting it again takes its original shape. The articular cartilage has properties that allow it to receive loads and absorb vibrations. 60-80% of the total volume of articular cartilage consists of water, whereas from its dry weight, 50% consists of collagen and the remaining 50% of chondrocytes and other intracellular space compounds, such as proteoglycans, lipids, inorganic salts. The thickness of the cartilage on the articular surfaces varies from 2-4 millimeters and decreases with aging. It is fed by diffusion from the synovial fluid. This is produced by the synovial membrane and its amount in a normal joint is minimal.
Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis
There are over 100 different types of arthropathy, but osteoarthritis is the most common. Rheumatoid arthritis is the second most common form of arthritis. It is considered an autoimmune aetiology because it is caused by the immune system, which attacks the healthy body tissues. While osteoarthritis is caused by mechanical damage to the joints and therefore not characterized as autoimmune disease.
Both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis result in pain, swelling, inflammation and ultimately joint damage or deformity.
Degenerative joint disease is a progressive disorder that attacks the articular cartilage. Synovial cartilage is the hard tissue that covers the end of the bone, allowing them to move smoothly, reducing the pressure in the subchondral bone.
This benign chronic disease results in the reduction of cartilage over time, which inevitably leads to joint pain, inflammation, swelling and motor problems.
The structure of articular cartilage consists of 65% to 80% water, the rest consists of three components: collagen, proteoglycans and chondrocytes.
Collagen is a type of fibrous protein that acts as a natural "building block" of the body for skin, tendons, bones and other connective tissues. Protein glycans coexist with collagen to form a grid-like tissue that allows the cartilage to absorb vibrations while chondrocytes mainly produce cartilage and help keep it intact as the years go by.